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冰雪建筑结构的发展与创新*
武岳1,陈博轩1,刘秀明1,张小冬2
摘 要

(1 哈尔滨工业大学土木工程学院, 哈尔滨 150090; 2 哈尔滨工业大学建筑设计研究院, 哈尔滨 150090)

[摘要]冰雪建筑是一种极具地域和季节特点的建筑结构形式,不仅在冰雪旅游方面发挥巨大作用,而且在极地开发领域也具有潜在应用价值。尽管冰雪建筑的发展历史悠久,但相关研究很少。为促进冰雪建筑结构在我国的推广与创新,首先归纳了冰雪建筑结构的特点,并回顾了其发展历程,阐释了其较高的经济艺术价值;然后介绍了近年来国内外在冰雪建筑结构研究方面所取得的进展,包括以复合冰为代表的冰雪材料强化技术,结合充气模板与喷射施工的冰壳建造技术,以及国内相关规范编制情况等;此外,还介绍了近年在国内建造的两个具有典型意义的冰壳结构实例。最后,对冰雪建筑结构的未来研究方向进行了展望。

[关键词]冰雪建筑; 复合冰材料; 充气膜结构; 喷射施工; 结构健康监测

中图分类号:TU33, TU599文献标识码:A文章编号:1002-848X(2018)12-0034-06

 

Development and innovation of ice and snow building structures

Wu Yue1, Chen Boxuan1, Liu Xiuming1, Zhang Xiaodong2

(1 School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China; 2 The Architectural Design and Research Institute of HIT, Harbin 150090, China)

Abstract:Ice and snow building is a form of architectural structure which is extremely regional and seasonal. It not only plays a significant role in ice and snow tourism, but also has potential using value in the field of polar development. Despite the long history of ice and snow building, there is little research about it. In order to promote the promotion and innovation of ice and snow building structures in China, the characteristics of ice and snow building structures were first summarized, and the development history of ice and snow building structures was reviewed. Their high economic and artistic values were also explained. Then, the domestic and foreign research development of snow and ice building structures in recent years were introduced, including the ice-snow material reinforcement technology represented by composite ice, the ice shell construction technology combined with inflatable formwork and spraying construction, and the preparation of relevant domestic regulations, etc. In addition, two examples of typical ice shell structures in China in recent years were also introduced. Finally, the future research direction of the ice and snow building structure was forecasted.

Keywords:ice and snow building; composite ice material; inflatable membrane structure; spraying construction; structural health monitoring

 

*国家自然科学基金(51778182)。

 

作者简介:武岳,教授,博士生导师,Email: wuyue_2000@163.com。

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